There are 13 Otter species globally, mostly seen in the united kingdom is the Eurasian Otter, also referred to as the Lutra Lutra, they are fully protected under both the UK and European legislation, since they’re still widely hunted for their pelts. Otter numbers have dropped dramatically over the past 30 years. The Lutra Lutra Otter has distinctive features that make it easy to recognize, with its brown coat and white under belly and neck they’re well adapted to aquatic life with its waterproof fur coat, webbed feet and strong tail and of heart their whiskers. Located along coatings, estuaries, lakes, streams and fresh water habitats with appropriate cover. They could replicate up to 3’cubs’ annually with the mother will nurture for up to 3 weeks.
Another popular species is the Sea Otter found along the coatings of the Pacific Ocean, these mammals do everything in the water, they eat, sleep, mate and give birth in the sea, once more highly adapted to their habitat.
The Giant River Otter, the titles says it all, the worlds biggest Otter at 6 feet long, these magnificent creatures are native to South America residing in the river and creeks of the Amazon. They live in family groups and compact communities, once making a den at the river banks, setting a land hat that they will aggressively protect if necessary.
Otters are really intelligent, they’ve been using tools such as stones to open shells for food, they also know how to have a fantastic time, the Eurasian Otter particularly are exceptionally playful and have been observed many times climbing banks up and slipping down to their backs!
Their diet consists mostly of fish, frogs, eels, rabbits and birds, depending on their habitat, they consume up to 25% of the body weight daily occasionally more, spending 5 hours each day hunting.
These endangered species can just accommodate so much, the disruption of new home developments, roads and overall human disruption are leading to reduction of inhabitance. Pollution of waterways are ruining their food chain and pesticides, pesticides and petroleum found in water are seriously damaging in their health, these cases are being detected all over Europe.
You may contact your local wildlife trust, they could participate in otter conservation projects.